Anesthesiology

Medical staff

Your child will meet lots of people that will be taking care of him on the day of surgery:

Nurse:

A nurse takes special care of your child on the day of surgery. Your child will have lots of nurses who may take your child's vital signs, give your child medicine, or make your child feel comfortable.

Surgeon:

This is the doctor that will perform your child's surgery.

Anesthesiologist:

This is the doctor that will administer anesthesia. Anesthesia is the special medicine that will make your child fall asleep for surgery and makes it so that nothing can hurt your child. This doctor will make sure that your child stays asleep the entire time and they will monitor how your child's body is working while he gets this medicine. When your child's surgery is over, this doctor will stop administering medicine, and your child will wake up.

Medical library

Common anesthesiology-related medical terms:

Surgery:

This is a way for the doctors to "look" at something or "fix" something to help your child's body. Your child will get a special medicine called ANESTHESIA so that she won't be able to feel ANYTHING during the surgery.

Pre-Op Clinic (POC):

This is one place you may go for your child's history and physical exam (4th floor, Dallas Ambulatory Care Pavilion). Your child may be seen here 3-30 days before the surgery date.

Same Day Surgery (SDS):

This is where you will check in for surgery. If your child is scheduled to have his history and physical exam on the day of surgery, he may have it done here before the surgery.

H&P:

Also known as a history and physical exam. The nurses will ask lots of questions all about your child.

ID bracelet:

This is a bracelet your child will wear on her wrist or ankle that has her name and information on it. Your child must wear it while she is in the hospital, but she can take it off once you leave the building.

Vital Signs:

Clinical data that tells the doctors and nurses how your child's body is working. Your child will stand on a scale to see how much he weighs so they know how much medicine to give your child's body. A blood pressure cuff will give your child's arm a big hug to see how fast your child's blood is moving through the body. A thermometer will slide across your child's forehead and behind the ear to take his temperature and make sure he doesn't have a fever.

Pre-Op labs:

The doctors may need your child to have a blood test to see how her body is working before surgery.

MRI:

The doctors may need to see what your child's body looks like on the inside. They will use a very special camera. It can be noisy and your child will have to lie really still, but it doesn't hurt.

NPO:

Stands for "nothing per oral." That means your child cannot have ANYTHING to eat or drink, not even gum or toothpaste. This is so you don't make your child's stomach sick during surgery.

Pulse oximeter (pulse ox):

This is a special band-aid that your child will wear on a finger or toe to see how much oxygen is in her blood and how she is breathing. When it is plugged into the computer, it lights up red and beeps.

EKG leads:

These are special stickers that your child will wear on his chest or back that tell us how his heart is working. When plugged into the computer, the leads may make beeping sounds.

Pre-Op Holding:

This is where the doctors and nurses will get your child ready for surgery. Your child will receive hospital pajamas to put on, and your child will talk to all of the doctors and nurses while you sign papers.

Versed:

This is a special medicine that some children drink to help them relax if they are really nervous or scared before the surgery. Your child's anesthesiologist may ask the nurse to give your child this medicine in your pre-op holding room if he/she thinks your child's body needs it. Not every child needs this medicine. Some people call it "silly juice" or "goofy juice" because it makes your body feel relaxed and sometimes a little funny, but it helps your child to forget all about having surgery. This medicine does not make your child go to sleep for surgery, but it may make your child feel a little tired. It works best if your child lies in bed, wraps up with a warm blanket, turns out the lights and tries to go to sleep.

Operating Room (OR):

This is the room where the doctors will perform your child's surgery. Your child will take a special ride in a bed to this room. Allow your child to give your family hugs and kisses and tell them that you will see them after they wake up. If your child brought something special, like a stuffed animal, pillow or blanket, he may take it with him. Remember, your child will never be alone. Your child will have a team of nurses and doctors taking care of him and they will not leave him. When you get to the Operating Room, your child will notice big, surgery lights above him and lots of machines and equipment. The doctors may not use all of that equipment for your child's surgery. The doctors and nurses also will be wearing special clothes in the Operating Room, such as green scrubs, surgery hats, gloves and masks. They wear special clothes so they don't spread germs and make children get sick.

Giving your child medicine during surgery

There will be two main ways that the anesthesiologist will give your child's body medicine during surgery:

Induction mask:

This is a special mask that goes over your child's nose and mouth. Your child will take slow, deep breaths, and a special medicine will blow on your child's face. When your child breathes in this medicine, it helps her body fall asleep or breathe better. Your child will have three mask flavors to choose from that help to make the medicine smell better — cherry, strawberry or bubble gum. Your child also may choose plain if she does not like any of the flavors.

IV:

Stands for intravenous, which means "in your vein." Your child's veins carry blood throughout the body. Giving your child's body medicine through her veins is the fastest way to make a drink or medicine work. No matter what, your child will get an IV so the doctors and nurses can give the body a drink.

Instead of putting it in your child's stomach and possibly making her sick from anesthesia, the drink goes into your child's blood and keeps her hydrated. That way your child doesn't get sick from not having anything to eat or drink. The medical team uses a small needle to give your child's body the IV, but the needle comes out and does not stay in the body. It just helps the special straw — a plastic one like a straw that you drink out of — or catheter to get inside your child's vein.

If your child is afraid of needle pokes, ask the nurse or doctor for a Synera patch so your child will not be able to feel the poke. The patch is a special band-aid that has medicine in it that numbs the top of your child's skin so she cannot feel the poke. It takes approximately 20 minutes for the Synera patch to work so make sure to ask for it when your child meets the nurses and doctors.