Crohn's disease is a lifelong inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involving segments of the digestive system. These segments, such as the colon or small intestine, become inflamed, swollen and have deep sores called ulcers. Crohn’s disease usually is found in the last part of the small intestine and the first part of the large intestine. But it can develop anywhere in the digestive tract, from the mouth to the anus. Doctors don't know what causes Crohn’s disease. Research suggests that the body’s immune system has an abnormal response to normal bacteria in the intestine. Other kinds of bacteria and viruses may also play a role in causing the disease. Crohn’s disease can run in families. Treatment depends on the type and severity of symptoms. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for Crohn’s disease. Surgery may be required to treat a segment of involved intestine to remove the scar resulting from the inflammation typical of Crohn’s disease. At Children’s Medical Center Dallas, the most advanced surgical techniques, such as minimally invasive surgery, are used to treat this disorder. Such techniques result in less pain and scarring for your child.
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